A PROPOSAL FOR PREVENTIVE CONSERVATION AND ACHIEVING SUSTAINABILITY OF THE KHAFRE’S VALLEY TEMPLE IN EGYPT
Document Type: Original Article
Ali, A.(*) & Abd El Hameed, O.
Architectural Restoration and Preservation of Buildings and Archaeological Sites dept., Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo Univ., Giza, Egypt.
Preventive conservation of archaeological buildings is one of the most important procedures that helps to preserve the sustain-ability of these buildings and transfers them to future generations with all their characteristics and values. The importance of this procedure increases with the increase in the building’s value and uniqueness especially its archaeological value and historical depth. Therefore, the study came up with a proposal for the preventive conservation of the Valley Temple of King Khafre that is located in the Giza plateau. The temple receives visitors daily, but it suffers from a set of structural and architectural problems which threaten its sustainability and negatively affect its presentation. Therefore, the study aims to monitor risks and develop a proposal for preven-tive conservation through: a. a proposal for interventional conservation to get rid of the main problems b. developing a proposal to avoid future problems and c. suggesting ways to better present the temple. The study suggested a preventive conservation proposal for the temple, which includes urgent restoration work to keep the temple from collapsing or losing some granite blocks, roofing the temple as a preventive measure that contributes to reducing the effect of deterioration factors in its environment, as well as a way to better present it by simulating its original architecture where the temple had a roof. In addition to a proposal to use some modern techniques to display models of the King Khafre's statues inside the temple, with the possibility of employing these techniques to clarify some of the ancient Egyptian rituals that were performed in the temple.
Preventive conservation Giza plateau Khafre’s valley temple Deterioration aspects Achieving sustainability
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