AN ANALYTICAL STUDY: IDENTIFICATION AND BIODEGRADATION CHARACTERISTICS OF ANCIENT EGYPTIAN WOODEN PAINTED GRAIN STORE, EGYPTIAN MUSEUM, CAIRO, EGYPT - PART-I
Document Type: Original Article
Ali, N.; Abd El Aal, Sh
Conservation dept., Faculty of Archaeology, Fayoum University, Egypt
Current study comprises two parts, Part-I, the subject of this paper, contains analytical study of ancient Egyptian painted grain stores using some scientific techniques, The following research (Part II) deals with the restoration and conservation of the same object. In this paper, ancient Egyptian painted grain stores have been studied, using (Light Microscope - SEM - EDX- X-ray FTIR - chemical analysis of cellulose, and biological study) in order to determine their mineralogical and chemical composition and evaluate how these pigments were affected by air pollution .Gypsum was detected in the examined plaster and pigments samples which indicates the effect of sulfur as a pollutant on the deterioration of the painted wooden model, The detection of halite in all the studied samples indicates the effect of bad storing . Light microscope was used to identify the type of wood and infection. SEM indicates the effect of fungi and bacteria on the painted wooden grain store, in addition to weakness, cracks, and losing pigments in many parts.
Wood, pigment, deterioration, Biodegradation, XRD, SEM-EDX
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