| Egyptian Journal of Archeological and Restoration Studies


EJARS (Established 2011)

Attention (Memorial Issue)!

EJARS will publish a special memorial issue for the late Prof. Mohamed Abdelhady, Professor of restoration for his praiseworthy efforts at developing the school of restoration in the Arab World, with Issue managers (Shaaban Abd El-Aal -- Smm00@fayoum.edu.eg), (Mohamed Abdel Wadood Abdel Azim -- Maa02@fayoum.edu.eg), (Walid Ali Mohammed Mahmoud -- walid.ali@fayoum.edu.eg) and (Hamada Sadek -- Hsr00@fayoum.edu.eg).

Volume 1 ,issue 2 | Summer and Autumn 2011 | Pages : 41-51

CHARACTERISTICS OF BUILDING MATERIALS EXPOSED TO GEOENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS IN MAKAAD RADWAN, OTTOMAN CAIRO, EGYPT

Document Type: Original Article

DOI: 10.21608/EJARS.2011.7487

pages: 41-51

Authors:
Ali, M. 1 ; Alenbaawy, M 2 ; Moussa, A 3

1 Conservation dep., Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo Univ., Egypt,
2 Geology Dep., Faculty of Science Cairo Univ., Egypt
3 Conservation dep., Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo Univ., Egypt

Abstract:
The Makaad Radwan monument is situated in the neighborhood of Bab Ziweila in historical Cairo. It was built in the early XVII century (1650 AD). The building is affected by severe deterioration phenomena and patterns of damage which occurred during the time. These deterioration and damages are mainly due to foundation problems, subsoil water and also to the earthquake that affected the whole of Greater Cairo in October 1992. Chemical composition, physical and petrographic properties of the building materials at Makaad Radwan including masonry, stone, mortars, decorated elements and other constituents of the monument were studied to identify their characteristics. Evaluation of the site characteristics and foundation soil condition including description of the soil texture and composition as will as the possible sources .The impacts of the foundation condition are discussed (e.g. karstrficaion and salinization).

Keywords:
Mekaad Radwan, Chemical Composition, XRD, Physical Properties; Petrography.

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