| Egyptian Journal of Archeological and Restoration Studies


EJARS (Established 2011)

Attention (Memorial Issue)!

EJARS will publish a special memorial issue for the late Prof. Mohamed Abdelhady, Professor of restoration for his praiseworthy efforts at developing the school of restoration in the Arab World, with Issue managers (Shaaban Abd El-Aal -- Smm00@fayoum.edu.eg), (Mohamed Abdel Wadood Abdel Azim -- Maa02@fayoum.edu.eg), (Walid Ali Mohammed Mahmoud -- walid.ali@fayoum.edu.eg) and (Hamada Sadek -- Hsr00@fayoum.edu.eg).

Volume 7 ,issue 2 | Summer and Autumn 2017 | Pages : 111-121

DAMAGE BLOCKS GRANITE OF PHILIP ARRHIDAEUS COMPARTMENT AND ITS SOURCE AND TREATMENT, KARNAK, EGYPT

Document Type: Original article

DOI: 10.21608/EJARS.2017.6836

pages: 111-121

Authors:
Abd-Elkareem E. 1 ; Asran, M. 2 ; El Shater, A. 2

1 Conservation dept., Faculty of Archaeology, South Valley Univ., Qena, Egypt.
2 Geology dept., Faculty of Sciences, Sohag Univ., Sohag, Egypt.

Abstract:
The compartment of Philip Arrhidaeus is one of the most significant Roman landmarks in Karnak Temple. It is exposed to various damage factors. For example, ground water is rising in the study area, causing serious damage to granite used in the compartment Granite was variously used in Ancient Egypt, both in statues and obelisks. Samples were collected to study their mineral and chemical composition using polarized microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Xray fluorescence, and scanning electron microscope. Finally, results showed the source of granite, mechanical damage, and the proposed treatment.

Keywords:
Granite; decay; Philip Arrhidaeus compartment; Treatment

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