DAMAGE BLOCKS GRANITE OF PHILIP ARRHIDAEUS COMPARTMENT AND ITS SOURCE AND TREATMENT, KARNAK, EGYPT
Document Type: Original article
Abd-Elkareem E. 1 ; Asran, M. 2 ; El Shater, A. 2
1 Conservation dept., Faculty of Archaeology, South Valley Univ., Qena, Egypt.
2 Geology dept., Faculty of Sciences, Sohag Univ., Sohag, Egypt.
The compartment of Philip Arrhidaeus is one of the most significant Roman landmarks in Karnak Temple. It is exposed to various damage factors. For example, ground water is rising in the study area, causing serious damage to granite used in the compartment Granite was variously used in Ancient Egypt, both in statues and obelisks. Samples were collected to study their mineral and chemical composition using polarized microscopy, X-ray diffraction, Xray fluorescence, and scanning electron microscope. Finally, results showed the source of granite, mechanical damage, and the proposed treatment.
Granite; decay; Philip Arrhidaeus compartment; Treatment
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