THE DESCRIPTION OF PRINCE TIMUR'S LAMENESS IN LIGHT OF MANUSCRIPTS ILLUSTRATIONS AND THEIR RECORDED DESCRIPTIONS IN THE HISTORICAL SOURCES
Document Type: Original article
Islamic Archaeology dept., Faculty of Archaeology, Fayoum univ., Fayoum, Egypt.
Manuscripts paintings are mirrors of the age as they document everyday life. They are considered as illustrating documents that can be utilized in determining peoples descriptions and attributes. Therefore, the current study used them to match the description of Timurs lameness in his right foot with the descriptions in the historical resources. The right foot of prince Timur appeared extended forward and was put on a foot stool in front of the throne, while he could not sit cross-legged (called in Arabic Altarbiaa), and could not sat on hips (called in Arabic Altawarok). These sittings were common for sultans and princes. Manuscripts paintings appear here with very realistic drawing of the phenomenon of lameness. However, facial features differed in some paintings. For example, the painting drawn by Behzad was very realistic although it was painted in a later period of the reign of Timur. Thus, Behzad might relied on historical resources. It was observed that the sittings, illustrating this phenomenon (i.e. lameness), for prince Timur were for those who sat on the throne. The study utilized paintings, which manifested lameness in manuscripts, such as Zafarnama (Book of Victory) and the descriptions of that phenomenon in the historical resources, e.g. Ibn Arabshah (Ajaib Almaqdoor - in Arabic), Ibn Khaldun (Tarikh Ibn Khaldun - in Arabic), and other historical sources.
manuscript; Timur; Lameness- Ibn Khaldun- Historical Sources
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