COMPARATIVE ANALYTICAL STUDY OF THE MATERIALS USED IN WALL PAINTING OF HISTORICAL PALACES
Document Type: Original Article
pages: 91 - 100
Ali, M. F. ; Darwish, S. S.
Department of Conservation, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University, Egypt
Historical palaces are adorned with valuable wall paintings which were applied by tempera techniques. These techniques were directly applied on the wall or after preparing the surface with a canvas layer. Most of these wall paintings suffered from several deterioration aspects such as cracking, loss of paint layers, and formation of color stains due to biological or salt effects. The chemical composition of the materials used in the construction and decoration of the wall paintings were studied by means of light optical microscope (L.O.M), fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), atomic absorption spectrophotometry (A.A.) and X-ray diffraction spectroscopy (XRD). The obtained results will be used to lay out a scientific plan for restoration and preservation.
Wall painting, pigments, binding media, Abdeen Palace, XRD, FTIR.
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