| Egyptian Journal of Archeological and Restoration Studies


EJARS (Established 2011)

Attention (Memorial Issue)!

EJARS will publish a special memorial issue for the late Prof. Mohamed Abdelhady, Professor of restoration for his praiseworthy efforts at developing the school of restoration in the Arab World, with Issue managers (Shaaban Abd El-Aal -- Smm00@fayoum.edu.eg), (Mohamed Abdel Wadood Abdel Azim -- Maa02@fayoum.edu.eg), (Walid Ali Mohammed Mahmoud -- walid.ali@fayoum.edu.eg) and (Hamada Sadek -- Hsr00@fayoum.edu.eg).

Volume 6 ,issue 2 | Summer and Autumn 2016 | Pages : 151-171

MINAI CERAMICS FROM AZAK

Document Type: Original Article

DOI: 10.21608/EJARS.2016.23633

pages: 151-171

Authors:
Khalil, W. 1 ; Kravchenko, S. 2

1 Islamic Arch. dept., Faculty of Archaeology, Fayoum Univ., Fayoum, Egypt.
2 Senior staff scientist of the Azov Museum-Reserve, Russia

Abstract:
The article contains publications of the patterns of “Minai” Kachina ceramics, with overglaze polychromatic painting and gilding over white opaque enamel from the excavations of the Golden Horde Azak (XIII-XIV centuries). A total of 35 fragments of 21 vessels were described; they are given in a small catalogue presented at the end of the article. The following issues were analyzed on the basis of the available material: the vessels’ morphology, a piece, colour spectrum and ornamentation stylistics, chronology and quantitative data of the “Minai” finds from Azov. The analysis of the patterns testified that this ceramics is very rare and scanty for Azak; it is diverse in its stylistic peculiarities; its circulation in Azak is limited by 1350 – 1360 years. In view of the aforesaid, M.G. Kramarovsky’s supposition of the Golden Horde manufacture of “Minai” ceramics is called in question. An opinion of the majority of researchers, which this article’s authors subscribe to, is the most probable and consists in manufacture of this ceramics in Iran wherefrom it could be brought a single time to Azak by a group of emigrants, or as war trophies, or as a result of the commercial intercourse intensified for a short period of time.

Keywords:
Minai; Kachina; ceramics; Azak; Azov Museum; vessels

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