| Egyptian Journal of Archeological and Restoration Studies


EJARS (Established 2011)

Attention (Memorial Issue)!

EJARS will publish a special memorial issue for the late Prof. Mohamed Abdelhady, Professor of restoration for his praiseworthy efforts at developing the school of restoration in the Arab World, with Issue managers (Shaaban Abd El-Aal -- Smm00@fayoum.edu.eg), (Mohamed Abdel Wadood Abdel Azim -- Maa02@fayoum.edu.eg), (Walid Ali Mohammed Mahmoud -- walid.ali@fayoum.edu.eg) and (Hamada Sadek -- Hsr00@fayoum.edu.eg).

Volume 6 ,issue 2 | Summer and Autumn 2016 | Pages : 97-107

CHARACTERIZATION OF HISTORICAL MORTAR USED IN LOOM FACTORY SITE AT ABYDOS

Document Type: Original Article

DOI: 10.21608/EJARS.2019.23629

pages: 97-107

Authors:
Osman, A. 1 ; Bartz, W. 2 ; Kosciuk, J. 3

1 Conservation dept., Faculty of Archaeology, Sohag Univ., Sohag, Egypt.
2 Institute of Geological Sciences, Wroclaw Univ., Wroclaw, Poland.
3 History of Architecture, Arts and Technology dept., Wroclaw Univ. of Technology, Wroclaw, Poland.

Abstract:
This paper aims to characterize historical mortars taken from joints in Loom Factory site at Abydos Sohag (Egypt). This characterization includes their composition and technology, their state of preservation as well as provides a guide for their possible conservation process. A multidisciplinary approach has been adopted for investigations. Samples were investigated by means of visual inspection, polarizing microscope (PM), scanning electron microscope (SEM) coupled with energy dispersive X-ray unit (EDX), powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), hydrochloric acid (HCl) attack, sieving analysis, deferential thermal analysis (DTA-TG) and physical tests. Obtained results allowed to fully characterize mineralogical, chemical, and mechanical properties of selected mortar samples. They show a similarity of type, and binder/aggregate ratio. This similarity can be attributed to one building phase using the same source of materials.

Keywords:
Abydos; Loom factory; Mortar; Characterization

Statistics :
Article views: 238
PDF Downloads: 194