TERMITES, THEIR ROLE IN THE DAMAGED MUD BUILDINGS, AND PREVENTION METHODS: APPLICATION ON THE RUINS OF THE WHITE MONASTERY, SOHAG, EGYPT
Document Type: Original Article
Abd-Elkareem, E. 1 ; Fouad, H. 2
1 Conservation dept., Faculty of Archaeology, South Valley Univ., Qena, Egypt.
2 Plant Protection dept., Faculty of Agriculture, Sohag Univ., Sohag, Egypt.
Termites cause deterioration to archaeological buildings. They usually dig tunnels under foundations, causing soil loosening. They attack mud-brick and mortar to get hay pured that is found out, causing cracks in buildings. Because some Egyptian archaeological buildings were constructed from mud-bricks, termites cause them decay and deterioration. Therefore, the current study covers the ruins of the White monasterys mud buildings in Sohag. It makes use of XRD, XRF, EDX, SEM. Mineral Petrography study have also been the work of analysis chromatograph. It illustrates the mechanical deterioration by termites and the ways that provide an appropriate environment for the growth of some kinds of fungi and bacteria. In addition, methods of treating mud-brick and preventing termites, fungi and bacteria are proposed.
Mud-Bricks; decay; Termites; fungi; Bacteria; Preventing
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