| Egyptian Journal of Archeological and Restoration Studies


EJARS (Established 2011)

Attention (Memorial Issue)!

EJARS will publish a special memorial issue for the late Prof. Mohamed Abdelhady, Professor of restoration for his praiseworthy efforts at developing the school of restoration in the Arab World, with Issue managers (Shaaban Abd El-Aal -- Smm00@fayoum.edu.eg), (Mohamed Abdel Wadood Abdel Azim -- Maa02@fayoum.edu.eg), (Walid Ali Mohammed Mahmoud -- walid.ali@fayoum.edu.eg) and (Hamada Sadek -- Hsr00@fayoum.edu.eg).

Volume 6 ,issue 2 | Summer and Autumn 2016 | Pages : 85-96

TERMITES, THEIR ROLE IN THE DAMAGED MUD BUILDINGS, AND PREVENTION METHODS: APPLICATION ON THE RUINS OF THE WHITE MONASTERY, SOHAG, EGYPT

Document Type: Original Article

DOI: 10.21608/EJARS.2016.23544

pages: 85-96

Authors:
Abd-Elkareem, E. 1 ; Fouad, H. 2

1 Conservation dept., Faculty of Archaeology, South Valley Univ., Qena, Egypt.
2 Plant Protection dept., Faculty of Agriculture, Sohag Univ., Sohag, Egypt.

Abstract:
Termites cause deterioration to archaeological buildings. They usually dig tunnels under foundations, causing soil loosening. They attack mud-brick and mortar to get hay pured that is found out, causing cracks in buildings. Because some Egyptian archaeological buildings were constructed from mud-bricks, termites cause them decay and deterioration. Therefore, the current study covers the ruins of the White monastery’s mud buildings in Sohag. It makes use of XRD, XRF, EDX, SEM. Mineral Petrography study have also been the work of analysis chromatograph. It illustrates the mechanical deterioration by termites and the ways that provide an appropriate environment for the growth of some kinds of fungi and bacteria. In addition, methods of treating mud-brick and preventing termites, fungi and bacteria are proposed.

Keywords:
Mud-Bricks; decay; Termites; fungi; Bacteria; Preventing

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