| Egyptian Journal of Archeological and Restoration Studies


EJARS (Established 2011)

Attention (Memorial Issue)!

EJARS will publish a special memorial issue for the late Prof. Mohamed Abdelhady, Professor of restoration for his praiseworthy efforts at developing the school of restoration in the Arab World, with Issue managers (Shaaban Abd El-Aal -- Smm00@fayoum.edu.eg), (Mohamed Abdel Wadood Abdel Azim -- Maa02@fayoum.edu.eg), (Walid Ali Mohammed Mahmoud -- walid.ali@fayoum.edu.eg) and (Hamada Sadek -- Hsr00@fayoum.edu.eg).

Volume 6 ,issue 2 | Summer and Autumn 2016 | Pages : 71-84

THERMAL DEGRADATION OF PAPER: THE STRUCTURAL CHANGES OF FIBRES

Document Type: Original Article

DOI: 10.21608/EJARS.2016.23543

pages: 71-84

Authors:
Hassan, R.
THERMAL DEGRADATION OF PAPER: THE STRUCTURAL CHANGES OF FIBRES

Abstract:
The current study reported the thermal degradation behavior of three paper fibers; cotton, mechanical& sulfite wood pulp, exposed to dry-heat ageing ate150 °C,130 °C and 105 °C for one month. The structural changes of fibers were evaluated by SEM, infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) study and X-Ray Diffraction (XRD). SEM data show that the chemical pulp is more resistant to heat ageing than the cotton and mechanical pulp in the early stages Dramatic changes in functional groups on the paper surface, as monitored by infrared spectroscopy, occurred in the samples before and after ageing. The FTIR results indicated that an elimination of the band at “amorphous & crystalline” regions under thermal ageing was occurred.

Keywords:
thermal degradation; Crystallinity index; cellulose; FTIR; Wood pulp

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