STUDY MUMMIFICATION TECHNIQUE ON A SELECTED GROUP OF THIRD INTERMEDIATE PERIOD MUMMIES IN EGYPTIAN MEUSEM USING CT SCANNING AS NON DESTRUCTIVE TOOL
Document Type: Original Article
Conservation dept., Faculty of Archaeology and Tourism Guidance Misr Univ. For Science and Technology (MUST),
6 thOct. City, Egypt.
Using advanced modern technology is considered one of the most important methods of scientific examination and registration. This should be used in the field of the conservation of mummies. Identifying the case of the mummy and putting the mummy outwardly or inwardly are the first stage of good prognosis of damage, which naturally lead to the development of an appropriate plan for the operations of treatment and conservation starting from the stage of cleaning until museum presentation, through a consistent process with the requirements of preventive conservation. Computed Tomography Scanning (CT Scanning) is a non-invasive technique that does not harm the mummies. It has become an important tool for studying many features of ancient Egyptian mummies. The Study of Ancient Egypt, and particularly the examination of mummies, are subjects of interest of scientist and the public. It is fortunate that modern diagnostic methods of the study of ancient human beings can be applied today. The last forty years have seen a large number of CT scanning studies of Egyptian mummies from different museums and collections in Egypt, Europe and the USA. There is no doubt that this technique has proved to be a powerful tool in the field of Egyptian human remains research. CT studies confirm that the ancient Egyptian used several methods for the degree of quality of mummification This started with the selection of the most Suitable material to act as a filler for the internal to the body. CT studies confirm that the ancient Egyptian has used methods to support the body and maintain the external shape of the mummy. Research also stresses on the need for a new reading of the science of mummification according to the latest scientific methods of examination without any destructive activities toward the components of the various mummies. The main aim of this research is to study thoroughly the Third Intermediate Period mummies to show the level of sophistication of the technique of the mummification reached in this period.
Mummy; Mummification; CT Scanning; skull; Thorax; abdomen
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