| Egyptian Journal of Archeological and Restoration Studies


EJARS (Established 2011)

Attention (Memorial Issue)!

EJARS will publish a special memorial issue for the late Prof. Mohamed Abdelhady, Professor of restoration for his praiseworthy efforts at developing the school of restoration in the Arab World, with Issue managers (Shaaban Abd El-Aal -- Smm00@fayoum.edu.eg), (Mohamed Abdel Wadood Abdel Azim -- Maa02@fayoum.edu.eg), (Walid Ali Mohammed Mahmoud -- walid.ali@fayoum.edu.eg) and (Hamada Sadek -- Hsr00@fayoum.edu.eg).

Volume 1 ,issue 1 | Winter and Spring 2011 | Pages : 39 - 48

ANALYTICAL STUDY OF ARCHAEOLOGICAL POTTERY BREAD MOULDS FROM MATARIYA, AIN SHAMS

Document Type: Original Article

DOI: 10.21608/EJARS.2011.7474

pages: 39 - 48

Authors:
Abdel Rahim, N.S.
Lecturer Department of Conservation, Faculty of Archaeology, Fayoum University, Egypt

Abstract:
This study dealt with the Archaeological pottery shreds which were found in the excavation done by the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA) in Matariya and Ain Shams regions. The analytical techniques used are the polarizing light microscope (PLM), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and X-ray diffraction technique (XRD) to determine the materials and manufacturing techniques used in these findings. It was found out that the discovered shreds comprise a group of pottery bread moulds belong to the Middle Kingdom (2040-1782 B.C). It was also found that the texture of the pottery were made using a large quantity of medium to coarse plant residues which is one of the most characteristic features of Nile fabrics. The colour of the pottery fracture is reddish to brown. The firing temperature was uneven and the hardness of the pottery is medium. The moulds were handmade shaping. All these characteristics are belonging to the Nile C group. The two moulds were fully restored including cleaning, construction, completion and coloring.

Keywords:
Pottery, bread mould, restoration, Mattarya, Ain shams, Middle Kingdom

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