| Egyptian Journal of Archeological and Restoration Studies


EJARS (Established 2011)

Volume 14 ,issue 1 | Winter and Spring 2024 | Pages : 19-27

NEW READING USING NON-DESTRUCTIVE CT ANALYSIS FOR EVALUATION OF THE ANCIENT EGYPTIAN MUMMIFICATION TECHNIQUE APPLIED TO THE MUMMY OF TJANEFER, DYNASTY 21, 3RD INTERMEDIATE PERIOD.

Document Type: Original Article

DOI: 10.21608/ejars.2024.361165

pages: 19-27

Authors:
Sutherland, M-L. 1 & Badr, I. 2

1 University of Missouri-Kansas City,
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2 Restoration dept., Faculty of Archaeology, MUST Univ.,
6 th October City, Egypt.

Abstract:
The study of ancient Egyptian mummies is of great interest to scientists and the public in general. Recent research highlights the need for a new reading of the science of mummification using the latest scientific methods of examination such as CT scanning. In the last forty years, many non-destructive CT scanning studies of Egyptian mummies from different museums and collections in Egypt, Europe, and the USA have been conducted, proving to be powerful tools in current research studies of ancient Egyptian human remains. CT scanning can identify which type of emb-alming techniques were used to preserve each mummy and have revealed that ancient Egyptian embalmers used methods to maintain the external shape of the mummy by inserting filler material under the skin during the 3rd Intermediate period. The main aim of this research is to thoroughly study Tjanefer, a mummy of the 3rd Intermediate period, to demonstrate the level of sophistication of the mummification technique reached during this period.

Keywords:
Mummification Subcutaneous packing CT Scanning Tjanefer 3rd Intermediate Period wax figurines

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