| Egyptian Journal of Archeological and Restoration Studies


EJARS (Established 2011)

Volume 12 ,issue 1 | Winter and Spring 2022 | Pages : 111-118

NEW ARABIC INSCRIPTIONS, DATED TO MAMLUKE PERIOD FROM WADI AL-ĠUṢAIN IN THE EASTERN JORDANIAN DESERT

Document Type: Original Article

DOI: 10.21608/ejars.2022.246581

pages: 111-118

Authors:
Al-Jbour, Kh.

1 Archaeology dept., Faculty of Tourism and Archaeology, Jordan Univ., Amman, Jordan.

Abstract:
This study is concerned with three new Islamic inscriptions which were discovered in one of the stones cairn in wadi al-Ġuṣyian, which is famous for water wells- dug in along the course of the valley - known as Biār al-Ġuṣyian (wells of al-Ġuṣyian). These inscriptions that are carved on smooth basalt stone are composed of thin letters, making it difficult to read these inscriptions at first. However, I was able to analyze and read the inscriptions correctly. The importance of the inscri-ptions is that they were engraved by three different persons in the cursive writing on the surface of the stone; the stone’s surface measures 30 cm×33 cm, two inscriptions are dated but the third one is undated. One of the inscriptions contains the name of the person as “Al-Ġuṣyian” and so the site was named after this name that is the wells of “Al-Ġuṣyian”. Another inscription that mentions a geographical site in neighboring Syria, called “cUrmān” from the Mamluke period includes in the first inscription some ascetic poetic verses which were in vogue back then.

Keywords:
Mamluke Era Ascetic Poetry Jordan Badia Wadi Al-Ġuṣyian cUrmān Al-Zubayidi

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