| Egyptian Journal of Archeological and Restoration Studies

EJARS (Established 2011)

Attention (Memorial Issue)!

EJARS will publish a special memorial issue for the late Prof. Mohamed Abdelhady, Professor of restoration for his praiseworthy efforts at developing the school of restoration in the Arab World, with Issue managers (Shaaban Abd El-Aal -- Smm00@fayoum.edu.eg), (Mohamed Abdel Wadood Abdel Azim -- Maa02@fayoum.edu.eg), (Walid Ali Mohammed Mahmoud -- walid.ali@fayoum.edu.eg) and (Hamada Sadek -- Hsr00@fayoum.edu.eg).

Volume 11 ,issue 1 | Winter and Spring 2021 | Pages : 47-52

THE TITLE wa wrw Spntjw

Document Type: Original Article

DOI: 10.21608/ejars.2021.179496

pages: 47-52

Eltoukhy, M.
Egyptology dept, Faculty of Archaeology, Luxor Univ., Luxor, Egypt

The title wa wrw Spntjw is well known from 4th dynasty wall decoration. At that time, the bearer was functioned mainly as “the unique of great of the Spntjw”. It has been an attested title since the old Kingdom. The wa wrw Spntjw is a person acting as a unique person from Wadi Natroun. Moreover, it was established that the importance of that person depends on the administration employing him and the hierarchical level occupied. In this study, the author establishes that this title can be employed according to a specific scheme in which the title refers to a person. Relying on all the reachable examples, the author proves the ambivalence of the Spntjw, both substitute and leader, and proposes to translate the term by "Truchsesse" in the cases corresponding to that scheme. His hypotheses are confirmed by the study of several particular cases. The aim of this paper is to examine the social standing of the wa wrw Spntjw by concentrating on known tombs and objects of this title’s bearers (e. g. the tomb of Ra-Htp), specifically tombs that contain a complete list of titles.

wa-wr(w)-Snptjw wa-wr-Spntjw Truchsesse Titles Old Kingdom Spntjw

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