| Egyptian Journal of Archeological and Restoration Studies


EJARS (Established 2011)

Attention (Memorial Issue)!

EJARS will publish a special memorial issue for the late Prof. Mohamed Abdelhady, Professor of restoration for his praiseworthy efforts at developing the school of restoration in the Arab World, with Issue managers (Shaaban Abd El-Aal -- Smm00@fayoum.edu.eg), (Mohamed Abdel Wadood Abdel Azim -- Maa02@fayoum.edu.eg), (Walid Ali Mohammed Mahmoud -- walid.ali@fayoum.edu.eg) and (Hamada Sadek -- Hsr00@fayoum.edu.eg).

Volume 10 ,issue 1 | Summer and Autumn 2020 | Pages : 9-21

SCIENTIFIC METHODS FOR THE TREATMENT OF IBIS MUMMY'S WOODEN COFFIN

Document Type: Original article

DOI: 10.21608/ejars.2020.98957

pages: 9-21

Authors:
Nabil, E.
Director of Restoration of the Royal Vehicles Museum, Cairo, Egypt

Abstract:
The present study aims to investigate the conservation of a wooden coffin of the sacred Ibis Mummy that dates back to the Greco-Roman Period. It was found in Minia excavations and transferred to the Grand Egyptian Museum in 2012 for conser-vation. For a better unders-tanding of deterioration and raising awareness of the conservation, many examinations and analyses were done, e.g. visual examination and documentation using AutoCAD (2D), optical microscope, X-ray Diffraction (XRD), and Infrared spectroscopy to define the type of wood, preparation layer, and binder. The coffin under study was kept in inappropriate conditions, causing further deterioration. Moreover, the surface decorations could be hardly seen because of the dust. After examination, conservation was conducted, including mechanical and chemical cleaning, installing friable painted gesso layers, filling cracks and pores, reassembling of the box and the lid, and adjusting the lid. The conservation was successful. Consequently, the coffin is ready for exhibition or storing.

Keywords:
Coffins Sacred birds 2D Mummification Paraloid B72 Klucel G

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