| Egyptian Journal of Archeological and Restoration Studies

EJARS (Established 2011)

Attention (Memorial Issue)!

EJARS will publish a special memorial issue for the late Prof. Mohamed Abdelhady, Professor of restoration for his praiseworthy efforts at developing the school of restoration in the Arab World, with Issue managers (Shaaban Abd El-Aal -- Smm00@fayoum.edu.eg), (Mohamed Abdel Wadood Abdel Azim -- Maa02@fayoum.edu.eg), (Walid Ali Mohammed Mahmoud -- walid.ali@fayoum.edu.eg) and (Hamada Sadek -- Hsr00@fayoum.edu.eg).

Volume 9 ,issue 1 | Winter and Spring 2019 | Pages : 53-60


Document Type: Original article

DOI: 10.21608/EJARS.2019.38437

pages: 53-60

Hamed, S.
Conservation Department , Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt

Insect attack is a major problem to wood generally, whether it was shaped in objects or in structures. Thus, the present study aims to highlight the behavior of insects while attacking the wood. It also aims to study the effect of preparation layers as well as coating and consolidation materials’ presence on wood-destroying insects’ behavior. Eleven samples were selected among numerous infected wood for investigation and examination by the Environmental Scanning Electron Microscope (ESEM). Moreover, Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) was used to identify the materials employed in previous treatments. The chemical composition of the preparation layers applied on the wood surface was analyzed by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD). Then, the results of the different samples were compared. The SEM examination suggested that there are different insect behaviors in attacking wood according to its status, i.e. covered with preparation layers, coated, or consolidated. It is quite evident from the obtained results that bare wood is the most affected, whereas the loss was reduced in wood samples covered with chalk-preparation layers. Furthermore, Paraloid B72 enhances hardwoods protection against re-infestation.

Hardwoods; Insect attack; Consolidants; Preparation layers; SEM

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