| Egyptian Journal of Archeological and Restoration Studies


EJARS (Established 2011)

Attention (Memorial Issue)!

EJARS will publish a special memorial issue for the late Prof. Mohamed Abdelhady, Professor of restoration for his praiseworthy efforts at developing the school of restoration in the Arab World, with Issue managers (Shaaban Abd El-Aal -- Smm00@fayoum.edu.eg), (Mohamed Abdel Wadood Abdel Azim -- Maa02@fayoum.edu.eg), (Walid Ali Mohammed Mahmoud -- walid.ali@fayoum.edu.eg) and (Hamada Sadek -- Hsr00@fayoum.edu.eg).

Volume 8 ,issue 2 | Summer and Autumn 2018 | Pages : 97-107

IMPACT OF STORAGE CONDITIONS ON BIODETERIORATION OF ANCIENT EGYPTIAN CHILD MUMMIES BY XEROPHILIC FUNGI

Document Type: Original article

DOI: 10.21608/EJARS.2018.23501

pages: 97-107

Authors:
Mansour, M.
Conservation dept., Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo Univ., Giza, Egypt

Abstract:
The study was conducted on a child's mummy aged 6 to 8 years, with a damaged skull. It was found in Dahshur, Egypt. 10 fungal species were isolated and identified. Fungi have been determined by PCR amplification and sequencing as follows: Cladosporium cladosporioides (LC325159), Penicillium chrysogenum (LC325162) and Aspergillus flavus (LC325160). Modern linen samples were inoculated and incubated by the isolated fungi for a period of three months. Fungi decay results were assessed using Energy Dispersive X-Ray Spectrometry (EDX) and X Ray Diffraction (XRD). It was evident that NaCl (100%) have been used in the mummification process and the three identified fungi could grow on linen even under high saline (NaCl) conditions. C. cladosporioides showed a considerable increment in hyphal production, while P. chrysogenum hyphae were filled with salt crystals. Growth of A. flavus covered linen surface, while salt crystals were found in the conidiophores. Xerophilic and Halophilic fungi grown and caused decay of the mummy located in the burial chamber.

Keywords:
Xerophilic fungi; growth; environmental; Salt; Mummy

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