| Egyptian Journal of Archeological and Restoration Studies


EJARS (Established 2011)

Attention (Memorial Issue)!

EJARS will publish a special memorial issue for the late Prof. Mohamed Abdelhady, Professor of restoration for his praiseworthy efforts at developing the school of restoration in the Arab World, with Issue managers (Shaaban Abd El-Aal -- Smm00@fayoum.edu.eg), (Mohamed Abdel Wadood Abdel Azim -- Maa02@fayoum.edu.eg), (Walid Ali Mohammed Mahmoud -- walid.ali@fayoum.edu.eg) and (Hamada Sadek -- Hsr00@fayoum.edu.eg).

Volume 8 ,issue 1 | Winter and Spring 2018 | Pages : 35-43

RESTORATION AND STORAGE PROCEDURES OF A RARE HISTORICAL TEXTILE IN THE MUSEUM OF THE FACULTY OF APPLIED ARTS OF HELWAN UNIVERSITY, EGYPT

Document Type: Original article

DOI: 10.21608/EJARS.2018.13905

pages: 35-43

Authors:
Ahmed, H. 1 ; Zidan, Y. 1 ; Yahia, D. 2

1 Conservation department, Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo Univ., Giza, Egypt
2 The Islamic Art Museum, Supreme Council of Antiquities, Cairo, Egypt

Abstract:
Historical textiles suffer from deterioration due to exposure to uncontrolled environmental conditions, in museums. This article presents strategies for the conservation and storage processes of historical textiles that have been under uncontrolled storage conditions and display, in Egypt. The object dates back to the Ottoman period. Its dimensions are 62×49.5 cm. The textile object is highly decorated with figures of plant, and is multicolored in red, blue, and black. The textile has various types of deterioration such as dust, blue stain, loss of parts and weakened fiber. The study addresses three objectives: first, documenting the objects by using SEM Documentation, FTIR, EDS, Visual documentation, Biological examination, Photograph documentation was carried out in order to develop a plan of conservation treatment. The effects of cleaning materials on the natural dyes were tested. Second, the conservation treatment processes were done, old conservation repairs were removed, and separated parts were supported. Cleaning included mechanical and wet cleaning. The textile was supported by a new linen fabric. Third, an excellent storage system was established in order to keep the object on the long-term storage.

Keywords:
Textiles; Ottoman Period; Uncontrolled environmental; FTIR; EDS

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